Morality in Islam
It is moral to think that human life is valuable. The opposite stands for an immoral person. Where do we get morality from? Who gets to decide whether an issue is moral or immoral.
Four Sources of Morality:
1. Revelation. By revelation we mean by what God said either through the Qur’an or ahadith.
2. Human reasoning. Allah created intellect for a reason. We are supposed to put our intellect into the proper channels. We face an issue, however, and it is common sense. Common sense is objective. The relationship between revelation and reason is like the relationship between eyesight and light. If you put a person with perfect vision in a dark room, his perfect vision will be of no use to him. For him to benefit from his perfect vision, he needs the element of light. Similarly, that light is like revelation. And we do not have the eyesight unless we are divinely guided.
3. Do not publicize.
4. Honesty in transaction.